There are two types of brain tumors: Primary, a tumor that starts in the brain. Primary brain tumors can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant or Metastatic, a tumor caused by cancer elsewhere in the body that spreads to the brain. Metastatic brain tumors are always cancerous. Brain tumors cause damage because as they grow they can interfere with surrounding cells that serve vital roles in our everyday life.
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in American women, according to the American Cancer Society. Breast cancer can often be cured. About 80 percent of all patients with breast cancer are free of the disease 10 years after their diagnosis.
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in both men and women. The greatest risk factor is age. More than 90 percent of all colorectal tumors are found in patients over age 50. However, the disease can happen at any age.
Gynecologic cancers include malignancies of the female genital tract involving the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, Fallopian tubes and ovaries. The three most common gynecologic cancers are uterine, cervical and ovarian, accounting for more than 72,000 new diagnoses each year.
Head and Neck Cancer
Treatment for head and neck cancer depends on several factors, including the type of cancer, its size and stage, its location and your overall health. Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the mainstays of treating head and neck cancers.
The lymphatic system is a network of tiny vessels extending throughout the body. They are often next to the veins and arteries but are even smaller than them. Cancer of the lymphatic system is called lymphoma. The two main types are Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas.
According to the American Cancer Society, this year nearly 175,000 Americans will learn they have lung cancer. This accounts for about 12 percent of cancer diagnoses. Lung cancer is the second most common cancer found in both men and women.
The lymphatic system is a network of thin tubular vessels that branches out to almost all parts of the body. Scattered in between these vessels are lymph nodes. Non-Hodgkins is one of two main types of lymphoma with Hodgkins lymphoma (or Hodgkins disease) being the other.
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in American men. In 2003, more than 220,000 men were diagnosed as having prostate cancer, making it the number one type of cancer in men. More than 75 percent of prostate cancer is diagnosed in men over age 65.
The skin is the body’s largest organ. Its job is to protect internal organs against damage, heat and infection. The skin is also the most exposed organ to sunlight and other forms of harmful ultraviolet rays. More than 1 million cases of basal and squamous cell skin cancers will be diagnosed in the United States this year. These cancers can usually be cured.